Pultry

SITE SELECTION FOR POULTRY FARMING

SITE SELECTION FOR POULTRY FARMING 1080 1080 Frederick Adarkwah

SITE SELECTION FOR POULTRY FARMING

Proper siting of new poultry facilities are extremely important. Problems can arise when these facilities are built in unfavourable locations. The best time to handle potential problems is BEFOREthey occur. Considerable thought to the location of farm structures by farmers must be one of the most important concerns in poultry farming.

Poultry farmers must be aware of issues related to environment such as: topography of land, nature of roads, wind conditions, existing and developing structures (e.g., public places such as churches, schools, businesses) and people already living in the area. These factors are further explained below.

• TOPOGRAPHY

The nature of the land determines the amount of work to be done to get the place levelled for building the poultry houses. Land grading can substantially increase construction cost. Hence, avoid near streams and low-lying areas because of flooding potential. Preferably, situate the long axis of the poultry houses in the east-west direction as this helps to minimize the amount of direct sunlight that enters through the sidewalls of the houses. 

• UTILITIES

Questions regarding readily available source of electrical power to the proposed area must be considered. Is electricity available in the area or can new utility lines be constructed at a reasonable cost? Is water available either from wells or a municipal water system? More importantly, have a backup water system and the quality of available water must be suitable for operating a poultry farm

• ROAD NETWORK

The condition of roads must be adequate to allow feed trucks, chick-delivery vehicles, and live-haul trucks access to the buildings during all times of the year.  Are there any weight limits or bridges that would restrict access to the farm? How much will it cost to construct an access road from the public road to the buildings? Can the heavily loaded trucks travel easily on the access road in all types of weather? These are some important questions that need to be answered.

• NEIGHBOURS AND LABOUR

One most important consideration when evaluating potential locations for poultry facilities is neighbours in the environment. Good neighbours can quickly become enemies. Reactions from neighbours may force alternate sites to be chosen. Availability of labour is very important especially in situations of halted operations and labor strikes

• FUTURE EXPANSION

One must also consider the possibility of future expansion of the farm. Does the potential building site allow the possibility for further expansion? Often a poultry farmer will start with two houses and will want to build additional houses later.

• OTHER BUILDINGS AND MANAGEMENT UNITS

The building site needs to have adequate land area available for other buildings such as administration block, sick bays, feed storage room, drug storage room, dead-bird composting and litter storage. These buildings should be out of public view if possible. The buildings need to be located close enough to the production facilities to minimize travel time but far enough away to reduce possible disease transmission. A distance of about 100 feet is a reasonable compromise.

• LAWS AND LEGISLATION THAT AFFECT FARMING OPERATIONS

The distance required by law between the edge of a building and the property line must be considered. How far poultry houses should be sited from residential areas, public sites such as: roads, streams, wells, sinkholes and floodplains, toxic product producing companies and nearby poultry and pig farms should all be determined before siting your poultry farm. Below is a table of suggested distance limits that will help to minimize problems with odour, dust, feathers, noise, and water quality which are all essential for the success of a poultry farm

FacilityRecommended distance from farm
Residences other than poultry farm owner 500 ft 
Streams and Private wells  100 ft 
Property lines  100 ft 
Schools, churches, parks,  and other public areas  1500 ft 
Public roadways  150 ft 
Public wells 500 ft 
Flood plains, sinkholes, wetlands  100 ft 

Frederick Adarkwah

#VetCall Services